Wall Street ended a choppy session higher on Thursday as investors grappled with an onslaught of economic data and a string of mixed corporate earnings, all while eyeing the clock as it ticks down toward next week’s Federal Reserve monetary policy meeting.
While all three major U.S. stock indexes advanced, megacap momentum stocks, buoyed by Tesla Inc’s (TSLA.O) earnings beat and upbeat sales forecast, helped put the Nasdaq in the lead.
A raft of data showed the U.S. economy fared better in the fourth quarter than analysts expected, and the labor market remains tight, despite some signs of weakening demand. This is a double-edged sword for investors, as it could embolden the Fed to keep key interest rates at restrictive levels for longer.
While financial markets have largely priced in a 25 basis point rate from the central bank next Wednesday, that sentiment is not unanimous.
“The economic data had something in it for everybody; for the dreamers who think the economy is just slow enough to put the Fed on hold, and the pessimists who think growth is still too hot for the Fed to step away,” said David Carter, managing director at JPMorgan Private Bank in New York.
“Hope is not an investment strategy, and the economic facts could soon weigh on the market,” Carter added. “The biggest uncertainty is what will happen in the back half of this year.”
Fourth-quarter earnings season has hit full stride, with more than one fourth of the companies in the S&P 500 having reported. Of those, 69% have beaten consensus estimates, up from 67% on Wednesday, according to Refinitiv.
Analysts now see aggregate fourth quarter earnings falling 2.7%, worse than the 1.6% year-on-year decline seen on Jan. 1, but an improvement over the 3% annual decline as of Wednesday, per Refinitiv.
According to preliminary data, the S&P 500 (.SPX) gained 43.96 points, or 1.09%, to end at 4,060.18 points, while the Nasdaq Composite (.IXIC) gained 199.05 points, or 1.76%, to 11,512.40. The Dow Jones Industrial Average (.DJI) rose 202.70 points, or 0.60%, to 33,946.54.
Tesla Inc (TSLA.O) provided one of the heftiest boosts to the S&P 500, its shares jumping in the wake of its earnings report.
Chevron Corp (CVX.N) announced it would triple its budget for share buybacks, which sent the oil major’s stock higher.
Among losers, IBM Corp (IBM.N) fell in the wake of its announcement that it would cut jobs divest some assets after falling short of its annual cash target.
Southwest Airlines Co (LUV.N) slid after warning of current quarter losses.
And despite forecasts of strong demand for air travel in 2023, the broader S&P 1500 Airlines index also ended the session lower.
That might have something to do with Mastercard Inc’s (MA.N) disappointing current quarter revenue forecast, cited an expected diminishing pent-up travel demand. The consumer payments company’s shares closed lower on the day.
Shares of Bed Bath & Beyond Ink (BBBY.O) tanked after the home goods retailer received a default notice from JPMorgan Chase.
Mastercard rival Visa Inc (V.N) is due to post results shortly, as is chip bellwether Intel Corp (INTC.O).